Ship breaking, also known as ship demolition or ship recycling, is the process of dismantling and disposing of ships that are no longer needed or are no longer fit for service. This process typically involves cutting the ship into smaller pieces and removing the various materials and components, such as steel, engines, and electrical systems, which can be recycled or resold. Ship breaking is a significant industry, particularly in countries such as Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan, where there is a high demand for steel and other materials that can be recovered from decommissioned ships. It is also an important source of employment in these countries, although the industry has faced criticism for its environmental and safety practices. Ship breaking is a complex process that requires specialized equipment and expertise, and it typically involves the removal of hazardous materials, such as asbestos, lead, and oil, which can be harmful to human health and the environment if not properly handled. Many countries have regulations in place to ensure that ship breaking is carried out in a safe and environmentally responsible manner.