Tankers are a type of cargo ship that are specifically designed for the transportation of liquid cargo, such as crude oil, petroleum products, chemicals, and liquefied natural gas (LNG). These vessels play a critical role in global trade, allowing for the safe and efficient transport of large volumes of liquid cargo across the world's oceans.
Size and Capacity
Tankers come in various sizes, ranging from small vessels of around 50 meters in length to large vessels of over 400 meters in length. The typical deadweight tonnage (DWT) of a tanker ranges from 10,000 to over 500,000 tonnes. The cargo capacity of a tanker varies depending on its size and design, but it can range from a few thousand tonnes to over 3 million tonnes.
Speed and Maneuverability
Tankers are designed for good maneuverability and seakeeping performance, which allows them to operate safely and efficiently in a variety of weather conditions. They typically have a top speed of around 15-20 knots, which is sufficient for most tanker transport operations.
Maximum Draft and Cargo Handling Equipment
The maximum draft of a tanker is typically around 20-25 meters, which allows it to navigate in deep waters. Tankers are equipped with specialized cargo handling equipment, such as pumps, pipelines, and heating systems, to safely and efficiently load, transport, and discharge liquid cargo.
Shipbuilders and Countries of Origin
There are several shipyards around the world that specialize in the construction of tankers, including:
- Hyundai Heavy Industries (South Korea)
- Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (South Korea)
- China State Shipbuilding Corporation (China)
- Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (Japan)
- STX Offshore & Shipbuilding (South Korea)
These shipyards have extensive experience in building tankers and use advanced engineering and construction techniques to ensure that these vessels meet the high safety and performance standards required for the transport of liquid cargo.
Number of Active Vessels
As of 2023, there are several thousand tankers in operation around the world, with many more under construction or on order. The exact number of active vessels can vary depending on market conditions and demand for liquid transport services.
Sailingarea distribution for Tankers
Top Shipmanagers for Tankers
|COSCO SHIPPING ENERGY TRANS||64||105||61.0%|
|DYNACOM TANKERS MANAGEMENT LTD.||Greece||49||74||66.2%|
|ASSOCIATED MARITIME CO HK LTD||Hong Kong||45||59||76.3%|
|TMS TANKERS LTD||Greece||42||53||79.2%|
|MARAN TANKERS MANAGEMENT INC.||Greece||38||66||57.6%|
|MINERVA MARINE INC||Greece||34||84||40.5%|
|THENAMARIS SHIPS MANAGEMENT||Greece||34||120||28.3%|
|MIDEAST SHIP MANAGEMENT LTD||Saudi Arabia||30||96||31.2%|
|SCF MANAGEMENT SERVICES DUBAI||United Arab Emirates||30||139||21.6%|
Repair Shipyards for Tankers
|Company||Country||Tankers||Repaired vessels last year||Percentage|
|DRYDOCKS WORLD DUBAI||United Arab Emirates||51||250||20.4%|
|YIU LIAN DOCKYARDS (SHEKOU) LTD||China||53||249||21.3%|
|KEPPEL MARINE SHIPYARD TUAS||Singapore||14||38||36.8%|
|SEMBCORP MARINE TUAS BOULEVARD YARD||Singapore||14||104||13.5%|
|COSCO SHIPPING HEAVY INDUSTRY||China||19||117||16.2%|
|ZHOUSHAN XINYA SHIPYARD CO.,LTD||China||40||347||11.5%|
|COSCO (ZHOUSHAN) SHIPYARD CO., LTD||China||10||226||4.4%|
|IMC SHIPYARD (ZHOUSHAN) CO., LTD.||China||15||93||16.1%|
|LISNAVE ESTALEIROS NAVAIS S.A||Portugal||14||83||16.9%|
Top Classifications for Tankers
|LLOYDS REGISTER||United Kingdom||667||9355||7.1%|
|American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)||United States||602||9148||6.6%|
|Korean Register - Vietnam||152||2554||6.0%|
|Croatian Register of Shipping||Croatia||8||209||3.8%|
|MARINE SERVICE INC. - (DEMO COMPANY)||Germany||6||118||5.1%|